Avoiding One and Done

Development and Application of a Model to Sustain Interprofessional Practice and Education Initiatives





Implementation science, interprofessional practice and education, IPE, know-do gap, sustainability


This article presents the development of the Kennedy Model of Sustainability (Kennedy Model), a research-based model of sustainability, and its subsequent application to interprofessional practice and education (IPE) initiatives. The national mixed methods, multiple case study of Geriatric Education Centers that led to the development of the model and resulting four core components of sustainability and related strategies is described. The model is discussed in the context of implementation science and the know-do gap and applied to an IPE initiative and center. Finally, implications for further research are presented including opportunities to incorporate the model as a valuable tool in implementation science. Application of the Kennedy Model to IPE initiatives has provided opportunities for model testing, supporting the model’s core components, and providing additional strategies to foster sustainability of IPE initiatives.

Author Biography

Teri Kennedy, The University of Kansas Medical Center

Dr. Teri Kennedy is Associate Dean, Interprofessional Practice, Education, Policy, and Research (iPEPR) and Ida Johnson Feaster Professor of Interprofessional Practice and Education, University of Kansas School of Nursing; Professor, Department of Population Health, University of Kansas School of Medicine; and Co-Founder/Co-Facilitator, Health Humanities and Arts Research Collaborative (HHARC), University of Kansas Medical Center (KUMC) in Kansas City, Kansas. Her role is to advance, elevate, and sustain interprofessional practice and education (IPE) with a focus on policy and research. Her work concentrates on sustainability, interprofessional leadership, team science, health and aging policy, and policies that support IPE. Teri developed the Kennedy Model of Sustainability adopted by the National Center for Interprofessional Practice and Education, and a model of Strengths-Based Interprofessional Practice and Education (SB-IPE). She provides consultation and training to support a model of interprofessional lifelong learning with the KUMC Office of Continuing Education and Professional Development.

Teri serves on the Advisory Committee for Interdisciplinary, Community-Based Linkages, Health Resources and Services Administration; co-chairs the Research Subcommittee and serves on the Public Policy Steering Committee, National Academies of Practice; and is active within the Health and Aging Policy Fellow Alumni Network. She is a Distinguished Scholar and Fellow, National Academies of Practice and Social Work Academy, and Fellow, Gerontological Society of America’s Social Research, Policy, and Practice Section. She served as a Health and Aging Policy Fellow/American Political Science Association Congressional Fellow with the Senate Special Committee on Aging through Senator Jeff Flake's (R-AZ) DC Office.

She has 17 years of direct practice and administrative experience serving older adults and their families through the provision of health, behavioral health, and social services in home and community-based, home health, in-patient medical and gero-psychiatric, and skilled nursing facility settings. She has participated in a variety of interprofessional education and practice initiatives between health professions students, faculty, and practitioners in rural and urban settings. She has presented internationally in Canada, Ireland, and China and has been an invited presenter at state and national conferences.

Teri is an indie singer/songwriter with multiple CDs of original, contemporary, and traditional music (YouTube: Teri Woods – Topic; Teri – Topic), writer, and podcaster.


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