Bullying Prevention in Schools

The Need for a Multiple Stakeholder Approach


  • Isaac Karikari
  • James R. Brown Indiana University, Bloomington
  • Gifty Dede Ashirifi Indiana University, Indianapolis
  • James Storms Research Assistant




stakeholders, Bully prevention, interventions, schools


Since bullying is an ecological and systemic phenomenon that occurs in multiple contexts with multiple actors, it makes sense to consider the perceptions of multiple stakeholders and their relationships with one another and in relation to bullying prevention in schools. Using a non-probability, purposive sample, this study examined the perspectives of 45 school stakeholders, namely, principals, school social workers, bus drivers, and parents from an urban school district in the Midwest. The study unveils some of the implicit and explicit challenges associated with bullying prevention efforts. For example, bullying can be quite nebulous because people tend to look at the issue through the prism of their own experiences and positions, limiting their understanding of other stakeholders. Some stakeholders’ perspectives may be muted when bullying behaviors are discussed or reported. Overall, the findings support the use of multi-stakeholder approaches in developing a more holistic view of bullying. Recommendations include avoiding the reification of the views and voices of a select few and having a more open system of dialogue among stakeholders to create inclusion when addressing bullying.

Author Biographies

Isaac Karikari

 Isaac Karikari is an assistant professor with the Department of Social Work, College of Nursing and Professional Disciplines, University of North Dakota. He has been involved in bullying research since 2014, and continues to explore value-added ways to contribute to the field. His research encompasses children, youth, and families, behavioral/mental health, and critical discourse analysis. 

James R. Brown, Indiana University, Bloomington

James is a former school social worker who has extended his practice work into further researcher the phenomenon of school bullying.  He is involved in using technology to assist youth, parents,and school officials to engage in addressing this form of aggression.  

James Storms, Research Assistant

James Storms was a graduate research assistant when earning his masters degree and is now a school coulselor a Intermediate School in Indianapolis.  


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