Unveiling Ineffectiveness: Exploring Indicators of Failed Coaching Education Systems

Indicators of Failed Coaching Education


  • Lawrence W. Judge Ball State University
  • Adam Smith Ball State University




athlete development, professional development, Coaching


Effective coaching education (CE) systems are paramount for producing competent coaches, yet not all CE systems achieve this goal. This paper examines signs of CE system failure. We establish CE's importance, outline a theoretical framework for a successful CE system, and identify indicators of inefficiency. These indicators include limited skill transfer, low engagement, outdated content, cultural insensitivity, insufficient practical training, absence of professional development, and inadequate feedback mechanisms. Recognizing these signs is crucial for early intervention. Recommendations stress the need for practical, inclusive, and regularly evaluated CE programs, highlighting trends in CE enhancement. This paper offers a comprehensive exploration of potential CE system failures, charting a course for improved coaching education, benefiting coaches, athletes, and the sports field. As the coaching landscape evolves, a forward-looking perspective presents anticipated trends in enhancing CE systems, ensuring that coaches are equipped to succeed in the dynamic world of sports.

Author Biographies

Lawrence W. Judge, Ball State University

Lawrence Judge, PhD, is a professor, interim chair of the Department of Social Work, and coordinator of the online master’s in Athletic Coaching Education at Ball State University. He served two terms as national chair of USATF coaching education. His research interests include the use of evidence-based practices in coaches.

Adam Smith, Ball State University

Adam Smith is a graduate student in the School of Kinesiology at Ball State University. His research interests include disability in sport and social inclusion within Special Olympics sports.


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